History

Coruh Valley carries the traces of different historical periods. From the beginning of the 9th until the first quarter of the 11th century, the rulers of the Bagrationi Dynasty constructed structures considered as testaments to the existence of a high civilization. The region has come under the domination of the Ottomans in the 16th century. During the Ottoman period, some of the churches have been utilized as mosques. The Ottomans repaired the castles and continued to use them.

Detail Info

 Reminding a fairycountry with its magnificent churches and castles on the predominant hills, Coruh Valley carries the traces of different historical periods. The density of castles on the Bayburt-Ispir-Yusufeli route is the proof that the security of the region had been closely maintained. Located in a region of rich mineral resources, copper being in the first place, the Valley had been in an indispensable position to ensure control over minerals and transport them easily to the shores of Black Sea. Despite the fact that Coruh Valley is a mountanious area where the natural and historical roads from Caucasia and Black Sea converge the ancient Greek historian Strabon says “…since there are many places well irrigated and covered with forests and deep carved valleys and gorges, Paryadros Mountain chain makes the contruction of big castles easy…” about the region. After Pompeius’ military expedition in AC 65 the region has come under the domination of Roman Empire. The region has been largely affected by the struggle between the great powers of the period, Byzantines and Persians. In the 7th century the region has come under the domination of Abbasids. Beginning with the appointment of Ashot Msaker of Bagrationi Dynasty as the governor by the Abbasids, the Valley has begun to live its Golden Age. Ashot I who has been declared as the Prince of Princes by the Caliph took the pride to be the king in AC 885 and this status has been recognized by the Byzantines as well. From the beginning of the 9th until the first quarter of the 11th century, the rulers of the Bagrationi Dynasty constructed structures that were monumental in scale and inventive in design, testaments to the existence of a high civilisation. The region has come under the domination of the Ottomans in the 16th century. During the Ottoman period, some of the churches have been utilized as mosques. The Ottomans repaired the castles and continued to use them.

Churches

Mosques

Most of the historical mosques in Coruh Valley are from the 19th century.  Read more..

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Castles

Many ccastles-5astles and towers dated to the middle ages decorate the Coruh Valley.  Read more..

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