Natural Beauty

Geology

Until the construction of the first dam near the Georgian border in the late ’90s, the Coruh carried 3 million tons of sand and gravel to the sea every year. It also deposited banks of rich alluvial soil which enriched the farming of the valley floor.

Detailed Info

The dramatic river scenery – including the gorges of the Coruh, Ardanuc and Tortum rivers and the fast-flowing Barhal river – has cut through layers of younger rock to offer a tantalizing glimpse of the geological past. The oldest rocks, visible along the gorges, are strongly folded schists and quartzites. Many extrusions of quartz and other volcanic rocks have formed outcrops and dikes. The Kackar range itself was formed of granite, which is now eroded into sharp peaks. Around the Coruh, over these older layers, upper Cretaceous limestone deposits with fossils, sinkholes and caves, form the highlands. Later, there were further extrusions of melted rocks and the area cracked and lifted in blocks, further confusing the geology. Until the construction of the first dam near the Georgian border in the late ’90s, the Coruh carried 3 million tons of sand and gravel to the sea every year. It also deposited banks of rich alluvial soil which enriched the farming of the valley floor. The rivers formed communications links between the interior and the sea, and enabled the early development of small, well-fortified kingdoms, independent of larger states on the plains.

Narman Fairy Chimneys

Named Red Fairies by the locals the Narman Fairy Chimneys carry an imporant natural monument status worth protecting with it’s intact natural beauty along the valleys allowing for mysterious nature walks and camping.

Detailed Info

This nature wonder, which is 7km to Erzurum’s Narman village, developed as a result of the wind and rain eroding the red colored soil for thousans of years. Narman Fairy Chimneys cover the 1,500 hectar of the 6,300 hectar “Upper Narman Basin” and primarily developed from the water erosion of the base material first.

The area, that consists incredible shape and patterns formed by wind erosion over the dents, is a combination of several very narrow valleys. The neogene sandstone, pebbles and loamy stone layers on the higher grounds that form the valleys can be seen easily. The red color comes from the oxidation of the iron content.

Tortum Lake and the Waterfall

Tortum Waterfall is one of the most spectacular natural treasures of Turkey and especially the Coruh Valley. The lake has been formed by a land slide that covered most of the Tortum Valley that the Tortum stream was feeding into.

Detailed Info

The land slide surfaced the mysterious 8km long and 1km wide Tortum Lake. The Lake is 100 meters deep in its deepest point. Some geologist belive that the landslide happened at the end of the Quaternary period. There are also schools of thought of the landslide having happened in a relatively new, as close as a couple of centuries ago.

Since 1960, with the completion of the Tortum Hydropower Station, water has been pulled from the lake through pipes and fed into turbines leaving the waterfall to feed only with the surface water. Due to this, the waterfall reaches its peak water movement when the water level in the lake is at the highest in May and June.

Yikiklar (Yedigoller)

Yedigoller (Seven Lakes) are formed with the water that seaps through the Tortum Lake Basin. The 7th Lake is the Tortum Lake.

The area that is also called Yikik Baglar is a neighborhood that is right under the Ulubag village near Tortum Lake. The height of Yikiklar (Yedigoller) from the sea level is 800 meters. The water seaping through the Tortum Lake Basin forms the lakes.

The area suitable for trout production has a very large trout farm. The lake view and the picnic area beside it is magnificient. Besides the availability of locally grown vegetables and fruits the fame of the lake trouts’s taste has spread beyond the city borders. Yedigoller is one of the most famous promenades of Erzurum attracting domestic visitors.

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