Birds

Coruh Valley holds the status of Important Bird Area not only due to its location being on the migratory route of vultures but also for hosting birds like Lammergeier (Gypaetus barbatus), Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus), Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus), Caucasian Black Grouse (Tetrao mlokosiewiczi) and Caspian Snowcock (Tetraogallus caspius) which reproduce in the Valley. Including the species that are found in the Middle East and the Caucasia, the entire population of 462 bird species are found in Turkey. Besides being a passaway for migratory birds, there are many local and rare bird species in Coruh Valley. Studies conducted during summer 2005 revealed 188 species in Coruh Valley. 81 of these reproduce and live in the valley, 55 migratory species use the valley for reproduction and continue their migration towards south and 52 species cross the valley without reproducing here.

Detailed Info

Turkey, which has three different, major migratory routes, is like an uninterrupted bridge for gliding migratory birds. Tens of thousands of storks, eagles and falcons reproducing in Europe pass through Istanbul and Canakkale on their way to Anatolia. Similarly thousands of Steppe Buzzards (Buteo buteo vulpinus), Honey Buzzards (Pernis apivorus) and an important portion of eagle species enter Anatolia through East Black Sea Mountains using Coruh Valley. They continue their flight to the Middle East and Africa using the Hatay Belen Passage. Coruh Valley is essential not only for migratory birds but for birds that reproduce there as well.

  • It’s a rare place where four different vulture types, Lammergeier (Gypaetus barbatus), Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus), Black (Cinereous) Vulture (Aegypius monachus) and Egytian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) can be seen all at once, anywhere in Turkey.
  • The Caucasian Black Grouse (Tetrao mlokosiewiczi) which is endemic to Caucasia and Eastern Black Sea Mountains can be observed in the area.
  • Caspian Snowcock (Tetraogallus caspius) which has a very narrow distribution around the world can be easily seen in the early hours of the day, in high grounds of Ispir and Uzundere.
  • Different from the other Chiffchaffs, the Caucasian Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus sindiatus) which only exists in the Caucasia and the Eastern Black Sea Mountains can be seen in the forestry areas of the region.
  • Difficult to spot species like the Crimson-winged Finch (Rhodopechys sanguinea), Red-fronted Serin (Serinus pusillus), Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), Rose-colored Starling (Sturnus roseus), Alpine Accentor (Prunella collaris) and the Radde’s Accentor (Prunella ocularis), Sombre Tit (Parus lugubris) and Finsch`s Wheatear (Oenanthe finschii) have been observed in Coruh Valley.
  • Chukar (Alectoris chukar) which gave its name to many folksongs in Anatolia can easily be seen at any corner of the Valley. The best reproduction area for the Semi-collared Flycatcher (Ficedula semitorquata) in Turkey is known to be Coruh Valley.
  • Including the Alpine Chough (Pyrrhocorax graculus) and the Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax) the crow species that reproduce in Turkey all do so in Coruh Valley.
  • A very large population of the world’s Kruper’s Nuthatch (Sitta krueperi) live in Turkey and can be seen in the forests in Coruh Valley.
  • Turkey’s largest owl species, the Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) is local to the area.
  • An endangered species around the world the Sociable Plover (Vanellus gregaria) and the Black-winged Pratincole (Glareola nordmanni) which is rarely seen in Turkey migrate very close to the Valley, over the Erzurum plains.
  • The Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) that keeps itself away from humans and the Lanner (Falco biarmicus) reproduce in the steep, rocky areas of the Coruh Valley.
  • The endangered and rare Saker (Falco cherrug) feeds itself in the Valley during the migration season.
  • The White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) which is endangered in Turkey reproduce in Uzundere, around Tortum Lake.

Here is a more detailed list of birds:

#TurkishScientific NameEnglishStatus
1Küçük BatağanTachybaptusruficollisLittle GrebeS
2BahriPodicepscristatusGreat Crested GreebeKG
3Gece BalıkçılıNycticoraxnycticoraxNight HeronG
4Sığır BalıkçılıBubulcusibisCattle EgretG
5Küçük AkbalıkçılEgrettagarzettaLittle EgretG
6Büyük AkbalıkçılEgrettaalbaGreat White EgretKG
7Gri BalıkçılArdeacinereaGrey HeronS
8Erguvani BalıkçılArdeapurpureaPurple HeronG
9Kara LeylekCiconianigraBlack StorkYG
10LeylekCiconiaciconiaWhite StorkYG
11Küçük KuğuCygnuscolumbianusBewick's SwanK
12AngıtTadornaferrugineaRuddy ShelduckYG
13SunaTadornatadornaShelduckK
14ÇamurcunAnascreccaTealKG
15YeşilbaşAnasplatyrhynchosMallardK
16KaşıkgagaAnasclypeataShovelerG
17Elmabaş PatkaAythyaferinaPochardK
18SütlabiMergusalbellusSmewK
19Arı ŞahiniPernisapivorusHoney BuzzardG
20Kara ÇaylakMilvusmigransBlack KiteG
21Akkuyruklu KartalHaliaeetusalbicillaWhite-tailed EagleYG
22Sakallı AkbabaGypaetusbarbatusLammergeierS
23Küçük AkbabaNeophronpercnopterusEgyptian VultureYG
24Kızıl AkbabaGypsfulvusGriffon VultureS
25Kara AkbabaAegypiusmonachusBlack(Cinereous) VultureYG
26Saz DelicesiCircusaeruginosusMarsh HarrierG
27Bozkır DelicesiCircusmacrourusPallid HarrierG
28Çayır DelicesiCircuspygargusMontagu's HarrierG
29ÇakırAccipitergentilisGoshawkS
30AtmacaAccipiternisusSparrowhawkS
31Yaz AtmacasıAccipiterbrevipesLevant SparrowhawkG
32ŞahinButeobuteoCommon BuzzardS
33Kızıl ŞahinButeorufinusLong-legged BuzzardS
34Küçük Orman KartalıAquilapomarinaLesser Spotted EagleG
35Büyük Orman KartalıAquilaclangaGreater Spotted EagleG
36Bozkır KartalıAquilanipalensisSteppe EagleG
37Yılan KartalıCircaetusgallicusShort-toed EagleYG
38Şah KartalAquilaheliacaImperial EagleYG
39Kaya KartalıAquilachrysaetosGolden EagleS
40Küçük KartalHieraaetuspennatusBooted EagleYG
41Balık KartalıPandionhaliaetusOspreyG
42Küçük KerkenezFalconaumanniLesser KestrelG
43KerkenezFalcotinnunculusKestrelS
44Ala DoğanFalcovespertinusRed-footed FalconG
45Delice DoğanFalcosubbuteoHobbyYG
46Bıyıklı DoğanFalcobiarmicusLannerYG
47Ulu DoğanFalcocherrugSakerG
48Gök DoğanFalcoperegrinusPeregrineS
49Dağ HorozuTetraomlokosiewicziCaucasian Black GrouseS
50UrkeklikTetraogalluscaspiusCaspian SnowcockS
51Kınalı KeklikAlectorischukarChukarS
52ÇilkeklikPerdixperdixGrey PatridgeS
53BıldırcınCoturnixcoturnixQuailYG
54Bıldırcın KılavuzuCrexcrexCorncrakeG
55SutavuğuGallinulachloropusMoorhenG
56SakarmekeFulicaatraCootKG
57TurnaGrusgrusCraneG
58Karakanatlı BataklıkkırlangıcıGlareolanordmanniBlack-winged PratincoleG
59Küçük Halkalı CılıbıtCharadriusdubiusLittle Ringed PloverYG
60Sürmeli KızkuşuVanellusgregariaSociable PloverG
61KızkuşuVanellusvanellusLapwingG
62DöğüşkenkuşPhilomachuspugnaxRuffG
63Su ÇulluğuGallinagogallinagoSnipeG
64ÇullukScolopaxrusticolaWoodcockG
65KızılbacakTringatotanusRedshankG
66Orman DüdükçünüTringaglareolaWood SandpiperG
67Yeşil DüdükçünTringaochropusGreen SandpiperG
68Dere DüdükçünüActitishypoleucosCommon SandpiperYG
69Büyük Karabaş MartıLarusichthyaetusGreat Black-headed GullK
70Karabaş MartıLarusridibundusBlack-headed GullKG
71Van Gölü MartısıLarusarmenicusArmenian GullS
72Akkanatlı SumruChlidoniasleucopterusWhite-winged Black TernG
73Kaya GüverciniColumbaliviaRock DoveS
74Gökçe GüvercinColumbaoenasStock DoveS
75TahtalıColumbapalumbrusWoodpigeonS
76KumruStreptopeliadecaoctoCollared DoveS
77ÜveyikStreptopeliaturturTurtle DoveYG
78Tepeli GugukClamatorglandariusGreat-spotted CuckooYG
79GugukCuculuscanorusCukooYG
80PuhuBubobuboEagle OwlS
81KukumavAthenanoctuaLittle OwlS
82Alaca BaykuşStrixalucoTawny OwlS
83ÇobanaldatanCaprimulguseuropaeusNightjarYG
84EbabilApusapusCommon SwiftYG
85Akkarınlı EbabilApusmelbaAlpine SwiftG
86YalıçapkınıAlcedoatthisKingfisherG
87ArıkuşuMeropsapiasterBee-eaterYG
88GökkuzgunCoraciasgarrulusRollerYG
89İbibikUpupaepopsHoopoeYG
90Yeşil AğaçkakanPicusviridisGreen WoodpeckerS
91Kara AğaçkakanDryocopusmartiusBlack WoodpeckerS
92Orman AğaçkakanıDendrocoposmajorGreat-spotted WoodpeckerS
93Alaca AğaçkakanDendrocopossyriacusSyrian WoodpeckerS
94Boğmaklı ToygarMelanocoryphacalandraCalandra LarkG
95Bozkır ToygarıCalandrellabrachydactylaShort-toed LarkG
96Tepeli ToygarGaleridacristataCrested LarkS
97Orman ToygarıLullulaarboreaWoodlarkS
98TarlakuşuAlaudaarvensisSkylarkS
99Kulaklı ToygarEremophilaalpestrisHorned(Shore) LarkS
100Kum KırlangıcıRipariaripariaSand MartinG
101Kaya KırlangıcıPtyonoprognerupestrisCrag MartinYG
102KırlangıçHirundorusticaBarn SwallowYG
103Ev KırlangıcıDelichonurbicaHouse MartinYG
104Kır İncirkuşuAnthuscampestrisTawny PipitYG
105Ağaç İncirkuşuAnthustrivialisTree PipitYG
106Çayır İncirkuşuAnthuspratensisMeadow PipitG
107Kızılgerdanlı İncirkuşuAnthuscervinusRed-throated PipitG
108Dağ İncirkuşuAnthusspinolettaWater PipitYG
109Sarı KuyruksallayanMotacillaflavaYellow WagtailYG
110Dağ KuyruksallayanıMotacillacinereaGrey WagtailYG
111AkkuyruksallayanMotacillaalbaWhite(Pied) WagtailYG
112Sarıbaşlı KuyruksallayanMotacillacitreolaCitrine WagtailG
113DerekuşuCincluscinclusDipperS
114ÇitkuşuTroglodytestroglodytesWrenS
115DağbülbülüPrunellamodularisDunnockS
116Sürmeli DağbülbülüPrunellaocularisRadde's AccentorS
117Büyük DağbülbülüPrunellacollarisAlpine AccentorS
118KızılgerdanErithacusrubeculaRobinS
119BülbülLusciniamegarhynchosNightingaleYG
120MavigerdanLusciniasvecicaBluethroatG
121Kara KızılkuyrukPhoenicurusochrurosBlack RedstartYG
122KızılkuyrukPhoenicurusphoenicurusRedstartYG
123Çayır TaşkuşuSaxicolarubetraWhinchatYG
124TaşkuşuSaxicolatorquataStonechatYG
125Boz KuyrukkakanOenantheisabellinaIsabelline WheatearYG
126KuyrukkakanOenantheoenantheNorthern WheatearYG
127Karakulaklı KuyrukkakanOenanthehispanicaBlack-eared WheatearYG
128Aksırtlı KuyrukkakanOenanthefinschiiFinsch's WheatearYG
129TaşkızılıMonticolasaxatilis(Rufous) Rock ThrushYG
130GökardıçMonticolasolitariusBlue Rock ThrushYG
131Boğmaklı ArdıçTurdustorquatusRing OuzelS
132KaratavukTurdusmerulaBlackbirdS
133Tarla ArdıcıTurduspilarisFieldfareK
134Öter ArdıçTurdusphilomelosSong ThrushS
135Kızıl ArdıçTurdusiliacusRedwingK
136Ökse ArdıcıTurdusviscivorusMistle ThrushS
137Kamış BülbülüCettiacettiCetti's WarblerYG
138Bataklık KamışçınıLocustellalusciniodiesSavi's WarblerG
139Saz KamışçınıAcrocephalusscirpaceusReed WarblerYG
140Ak MukallitHippolaispallidaOlivaceous WarblerYG
141Maskeli ÖtleğenSylviamelanocephalaSardinian WarblerG
142Pembe Göğüslü ÖtleğenSylviamystaceaMenetries's WarblerYG
143Akgözlü ÖtleğenSylviacrassipunctusEastern Orphean WarblerYG
144Çizgili ÖtleğenSylvianisoriaBarred WarblerG
145Küçük Akgerdanlı ÖtleğenSylviacurrucaLesser WhitethroatYG
146Akgerdanlı ÖtleğenSylviacommunisWhitethroatYG
147Boz ÖtleğenSylviaborinGarden WarblerG
148Karabaşlı ÖtleğenSylviaatricapillaBlackcapYG
149Yeşil ÇıvgınPhylloscopus(throchiloides) nitidusGreen WarblerYG
150Kafkas ÇıvgınıPhylloscopussindianusCaucasian ChiffchaffYG
151ÇıvgınPhylloscopuscollybitaChiffchaffYG
152SöğütbülbülüPhylloscopustrochilusWillow WarblerG
153ÇalıkuşuRegulusregulusGoldcrestS
154Benekli SinekkapanMuscicapastriataSpotted FlycatcherYG
155Küçük SinekkapanFicedulaparvaRed-breasted FlycatcherG
156Alaca SinekkapanFicedulasemitorquataSemi-collared FlycatcherYG
157Uzunkuyruklu BaştankaraAegithaloscaudatusLong-tailed TitS
158Kayın BaştankarasıParuspalustrisMarsh TitG
159Akyanaklı BaştankaraParuslugubrisSombre TitS
160Çam baştankarasıParusaterCoal TitS
161Mavi BaştankaraParuscaeruleusBlue TitS
162Büyük BaştankaraParusmajorGreat TitS
163Anadolu SıvacısıSittakrueperiKrüper's NuthatchS
164SıvacıSittaeuropaeaNuthatchS
165Büyük Kaya SıvacısıSittatephronotaEastern NuthatchG
166Kaya SıvacısıSittaneumayerRock NuthatchS
167Duvar TırmaşıkkuşuTichodromamurariaWallcreeperS
168Orman TırmaşıkkuşuCerthiafamiliarisTreecreeperS
169ÇulhakuşuRemizpendulinusPenduline TitYG
170SarıasmaOriolusoriolusGolden OrioleYG
171Kızılsırtlı ÖrümcekkuşuLaniuscollurioRed-backed ShrikeYG
172Karaalınlı ÖrümekkuşuLaniusminorLesser Grey ShrikeYG
173Kızılbaşlı ÖrümcekkuşuLaniussenatorWoodchat ShrikeYG
174AlakargaGarrulusglandariusJayS
175SaksağanPicapicaMagpieS
176Sarıgagalı DağkargasıPyrrhocoraxgraculusAlpine ChoughS
177Kırmızıgagalı DağkargasıPyrrhocoraxpyrrhocoraxChoughS
178Küçük KargaCorvusmonedulaJackdawS
179Ekin KargasıCorvusfrugilegusRookS
180Leş KargasıCorvuscorone cornixHooded CrowS
181KuzgunCorvuscoraxRavenS
182SığırcıkSturnusvulgarisStarlingS
183Ala SığırcıkSturnusroseusRose-coloured StarlingG
184SerçePasserdomesticusHouse SparrowS
185Söğüt SerçesiPasserhispaniolensisSpanish SparrowYG
186Ağaç SerçesiPassermontanusTree SparrowS
187Kaya SerçesiPetroniapetroniaRock SparrowS
188Kar SerçesiMontifringillanivalisSnowfinchS
189İspinozFringillacoelebsChaffinchS
190Dağ İspinozuFringillamontifringillaBramblingK
191Kara İsketeSerinuspusillusRed-fronted SerinS
192Küçük İsketeSerinusserinusSerinYG
193FloryaCarduelischlorisGreenfinchS
194SakaCardueliscarduelisGoldfinchS
195Karabaşlı İsketeCarduelisspinusSiskinS
196KetenkuşuCardueliscannabinaLinnetS
197Sarıgagalı KetenkuşuCarduelisflavirostrisTwiteS
198ÇaprazgagaLoxiacurvirostraCrossbillS
199AlamecekRhodopechyssanguineaCrimson-winged FinchS
200ÇütreCarpodacuserythrinusCommon RosefinchYG
201ŞakrakPyrrhulapyrrhulaBullfinchS
202KocabaşCoccothraustescoccothraustesHawfinchS
203Sarı ÇinteEmberizacitrinellaYellowhammerK
204Kaya ÇintesiEmberizaciaRock BuntingS
205KirazkuşuEmberizahortulanaOrtolan BuntingYG
206Kara Başlı ÇinteEmberizamelanocephalaBlack-headed BuntingYG
207Tarla ÇintesiMiliariacalandraCorn BuntingS

Definitions; Status: Shows results of researches held during 2005, 2006 and 2007. Y : Bird species recorded during summer, K : Bird species recorded during winter, G : Bird species recorded during spring and/or autumn, S : Bird species can be seen anytime.

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