Butterflies

With about 210 species, Artvin is among the provinces with the greatest butterfly diversity in Turkey. What makes Artvin so important in terms of its butterfly fauna is the fact that at least a dozen seriously endangered species, identified as such in Europe, by the Red Data Book of European Butterflies published in 1999, live in Artvin. Finally, it must be added that several species of butterflies, have been seen only in Artvin province in Turkey.

Ahmet Baytas

Detailed Info

With about 210 species (nearly 60%  of all butterflies found in Turkey), Artvin is among the provinces with the greatest butterfly diversity in Turkey. During the summer months, one can see huge numbers of butterflies in virtually every village, pastureland, garden and orchard in all districts within the province, though the butterfly density is the greatest in open meadows on the south facing slopes of the Kackar Mountains, along the Barhal River, and in the Coruh Valley between Yusufeli and Kılıckaya. The Yaylalar Village in Yusufeli is one of the prime butterfly areas in Turkey, not only because of the diversity and density of its butterflies, but also because it is home to a number of rare species that are endangered in Europe. Some of the Turkish endemics are not too difficult to find in Artvin: one can find the Hi Blue (Polyommatus merhaba) in Coruh Valley, Hoppfer’s Blue (Polyommatus hoppferi) in the southern half of the province, Turkish Blue (Polyommatus turcicus) at high altitude meadows at the foothills of the Kackar Mountains, and the Larger Anatolian Blue (Polyommatus aedon) in the soutwestern corner of the province, especially in Yusufeli. However, it should be stressed that what makes Artvin so important in terms of its butterfly fauna is the fact that at least a dozen seriously endangered species, identified as such in Europe by the Red Data Book of European Butterflies published in 1999, live in Artvin. Among these are the well-known butterflies like the Apollo (Parnassius apollo), Large Blue (Glaucopsyche arion), Woodland Ringlet (Erebia medusa) and the Marsh Fritillary (Euphydryas aurina), rare species like the Yellow-legged Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis xanthomelas), Poseidon Blue (Polyommatus poseidon), Cinquefoil Skipper (Pyrgus cirsii) and the Eastern Orange Tip (Anthocharis damone), and Blues such as the Lesser Checkered Blue (Pseudophilotes vicrama), Bavius Blue (Pseudophilotes bavius), Green-underside Blue (Glaucopsyche alexis) and the Dusky Large Blue (Glaucopsyche nausithous). Though some of these species have either become extinct in Europe or are seriously endangered, they continue to thrive in many beautiful natural areas of Artvin, which still remain relatively unspoiled by agriculture, construction of dams, roads and buildings, and excessive use of pesticides and herbicides. However, it is a fact that projects such as the large dam planned to be built in Yusufeli will have a negative impact not only on our cultural but also on our entire natural heritage, including butterflies. Finally, it must be added that several species of butterflies – while neither endemic to Turkey nor threatened or endangered—have been seen only in Artvin province in Turkey. For example, during the last century, False Comma (Nymphalis vaualbum), a widespread species in northern Europe and North America, has been recorded in Turkey only around Meydancik in the province of Artvin. Also, in 1999 a Georgian Tawny Rockbrown (Psuedochazara gruensis) has been seen for the first time in Turkey, at an altitude of 2400m at the foothills of the Kackar Mountains.

Ahmet Baytas

PAPILIONIDAEKIRLANGIÇ KUYRUKLAR
Parnassius mnemosyneDumanlı Apollo
Parnassius nordmanniKafkas Apollosu
Parnassius apollo*Apollo
Iphiclides podalirusErik Kırlangıçkuyruğu
Papilio alexanorKaplan Kırlangıçkuyruk
Papilio machaonKırlangıçkuyruk
PIERIDAEBEYAZ VE SARILAR
Leptidea sinapisNarin Orman Beyazı
Anthocharis cardaminesTuruncu Süslü Kelebek
Anthocharis damone*Turuncu Süslü Doğu Kelebeği
Aporia crataegiAlıçkelebeği
Pieris bowdeniBowden'in Beyaz Meleği
Pieris bryoniaeDağ Beyaz Meleği
Pieris erganeDağ Küçük Beyaz Meleği
Pieris manniiMann'ın Beyaz Meleği
Pieris napiYalancı Beyaz Melek
Pieris rapaeKüçük Beyaz Melek
Pieris brassicaeBüyük Beyaz Melek
Pieris callidiceDorukların Beyaz Meleği
Pieris chloridiceKüçük Benekli Melek
Pontia edusaYeni Benekli Melek
Colias caucasicaKafkasya Azameti
Colias croceaSarı Azamet
Colias alfacariensisTürkistan Azameti
Colias thiosaTuran Azameti
G. farinosaAnadolu Orakkandı
G. rhamniOrakkanat
LYCAENIDAELAYCENİDLER
Lycaena alciphronBüyük Mor Bakır Kelebeği
Lycaena tityrusİsli Bakır Kelebeği
Lycaena virgaureaeOrman Bakır Kelebeği
Lycaena candensAteş Rengi Kelebek
Lycaena phlaeasBenekli Bakır Kelebeği
Lycaena thersamonKüçük Ateş Kelebeği
Lycaena thetisDağ Ateşi
Favonius quercusMor Meşe Kelebeği
Thecla betulaHuş Kelebeği
Satyrium acaciaeMinik Sevbeni
Satyrium ilicisBüyük Sevbeni
Lampides boeticusLampides
Cupido argiadesEveres
Cupido osirisMavi Osiris
Glaucopsyche arion*Büyük Korubeni
Glaucopyche alcon(English) Alcon Blue
Pseudophilotes vicrama*Himalaya Mavi Kelebeği
Pseudophilotes bavius*Bavius
Scolitantides orion*Karamavi
Turanana endymionAnadolu Turan Mavisi
Plebeius eurypilusDoğulu Esmergöz
Plebeius idasEsmergöz
Plebeius pylaon(English) Zephyr Blue
Plebeius argusGümüş Lekeli Esmergöz
Plebeius pyrenaicusPirene Çokgözlüsü
Plebeius loewiiÇokgözlü Gümüşmavi
Plebeius eumedonGeranyum Çokgözlüsü
Plebeius anterosÇokgözlü Balkan Mavisi
Plebeius artaxerxesÇokgözlü Orman Esmeri
Polyommatus semiargusÇokgözlü Güzel Mavi
Polyommatus bellargusÇokgözlü Gök Mavisi
Polyommatus corydoniusÇokgözlü Yalancı Çilli
Polyommatus daphnisÇokgözlü Dafnis
Polyommatus coelestinusÇokgözlü Rus Mavisi
Polyommatus amandusÇokgözlü Amanda
Polyommatus dorylasÇokgözlü Turkuvaz Mavisi
Polyommatus aedonÇokgözlü Büyük Turan Mavisi
Polyommatus erosÇokgözlü Eros
Polyommatus icarusÇokgözlü Mavi
Polyommatus ripartiiRipart'ın Anormal Çokgözlüsü
Polyommatus iphigeniaÇokgözlü İfigenya
Polyommatus phyllisÇokgözlü İran Mavisi
Polyommatus turcicusÇokgözlü Türk Mavisi
Polyommatus damonÇokgözlü Damon
NYMPHALIDAEFIRÇAAYAKLAR
Libythea celtisÇitlenbik Kelebeği
Limenitis reductaAkdeniz Hanımeli Kelebeği
Thaleropis ioniaAnadolu Şehzadesi
Nymphalis antiopaSarı Bantlı Kadife
Nymphalis xanthomelas*Sarı Ayaklı Nimfalis
Aglais urticaeAglais
Vanessa atalantaAtalanta
Vanessa carduiDiken Kelebeği
Polygonia c-albumYırtık Pırtık
Polygonia egeaAnadolu Yırtık Pırtığı
Argynnis pandoraBahadır
Argynnis paphiaCengaver
Argynnis adippeBüyük İnci
Argynnis aglajaGüzel İnci
Argynnis niobeNiyobe
Boloria euphrosyneBeyaz İnci
Boloria caucasicaKafkas Menekşe Kelebeği
Brenthis daphneBöğürtlen Brentisi
Brenthis hecateÇift Noktalı Brentis
Issoria lathoniaİspanyol Kraliçesi
Melitaea cinxiaİparhan
Melitaea diaminaFunda İparhanı
Melitaea didymaBenekli İparhan
Melitaea triviaGüzel İparhan
Melitaea interruptaKafkasyali İparhan
Melitaea athaliaAmannisa
Melitaea aureliaGüzel Amannisa
Euphydryas aurinia*Nazuğum
Hipparchia pellucidaAnadolu Kızılmeleği
Hipparchia syriacaBüyük Karamelek
Erebia aethiopsİskoç Güzelesmeri
Erebia graucasicaKafkas Güzelesmeri
Erebia hewitsoniiLaz Güzelesmeri
Erebia medusa*Orman Güzelesmeri
Erebia melancholicaMecnun Güzelesmeri
Arethusana arethusaSeyit
Chazara bischoffiKızıl Cadı
Pseudochazara beroeDağ Yalancı Cadısı
Pseudochazara geyeriGeyer'in Yalancı Cadısı
Pseudochazara guriensisGürcistan Yalancı Cadısı
Hyponephele lycaonKüçük Esmer Peri
Maniola jurtinaÇayır Esmeri
Coenonympha leanderRus Zıpzıp Perisi
Coenonympha pamphilusKüçük Zıpzıp Perisi
Coenonympha symphitaKafkasya Zıpzıp Perisi
Esperarge climeneKaya Esmeri
Lasiommata maeraEsmer Boncuk
Lasiommata petropolitanaOrman Esmer Boncuk
Pararge aegeriaKaranlık Orman Esmeri
HESPERIDAEZIPZIPLAR
Carcharodus lavatheraeMermer Zıpzıpı
Carcharodus flocciferusTüylü Zıpzıp
Carcharodus orientalisOriyental Zıpzıp
Carchadorus alceaEbegümeci Zıpzıpı
Erynnis marloyiKara Zıpzıp
Erynnis tagesPaslı Zıpzıp
Muschampia tessellumMozayik Zıpzıp
Pyrgus alveusBüyük Boz Zıpzıp
Pyrgus cinaraeGuzel Zıpzıp
Pyrgus jupeiKafkasya Zıpzıp
Pyrgus melotisEge Zıpzıpı
Pyrgus serratulaeZeytuni Zıpzıp
Pyrgus sidaeSarı Bantlı Zıpzıp
Spialia orbiferKızıl Zıpzıp
Hesperia commaGümüş Benekli Zıpzıp
Ochlodes venatusOrman Zıpzıpı
Thymelicus hyraxLevantin Zıpzıpı
Thymelicus lineolaSiyah Antenli Zıpzıp
Thymelicus sylvestrisSarı Antenli Zıpzıp

the last 25 years. While the scientific nomenclature is adopted from “Die Tagfalter der Türkei” by Hesselbarth et al., the English and Turkish names are borrowed from the Checklist of the “Butterflies of Turkey” by A. Kocak and M. Kemal.

Reference: Butterfly Conservation Strategy of Turkey

http://www.dkm.org.tr

Click for PDF.

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