Conservation Status

Coruh River basin is split into four Key Botanic Areas: DKD 005, the Kackar mountains (mixed status); DKD 006, Coruh valley (a wildlife conservation area); DKD 009, the Oltu and Olur areas (no preservation status) and DKD 010, the Tortum river basin (a wildlife conservation area).

Detailed Info

 Coruh River basin is split into four Key Botanic Areas: DKD 005, Kackar Mountains (mixed status); DKD 006, Coruh valley (a wildlife conservation area); DKD 009, Oltu and Olur areas (no preservation status) and DKD 010, Tortum River basin (a wildlife conservation area). The only National Park is in the central part of the Kackar mountains; other parts of the Kackar have varying status, including the status of historic monuments.
The area contains many endemic species of plants, birds, wild mammals, amphibians, lizards and snakes, fish, butterflies and dragonflies. This is due to its position at the north end of the African Rift Valley (which caries much bird migration), at the west extremity of the Caucasus (many plants are common to the Kackar and Caucasus) and the variety of climate and geology.
 Fish, especially an endemic red-spotted trout, are threatened by the dam construction. Rare snakes include the Pontic Viper (Vipera Pontica) and Vipera Barani, which are very local. Larger mammals are often protected but are also subject to a hunting quota. Their distribution is quite localised. The most fascinating mammals are the European brown bears.

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